Georgia Traffic Laws
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Georgia Traffic Laws

 

Below is a list of the Georgia codes dealing with traffic laws. A simple reading of the statute may not be enough for you to defend your traffic ticket by yourself at trial. An experienced Georgia traffic ticket attorney knows how the laws are applied, and knows how to use the law to help you obtain the best possible results. Click here for a link to the Official Code of Georgia Annotated (O.C.G.A.).

The 2013 Official Code of Georgia

TITLE 40. MOTOR VEHICLES AND TRAFFIC

 

CHAPTER 6. UNIFORM RULES OF THE ROAD

ARTICLE 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS

§ 40-6-1. Observance of chapter required; punishment for violations generally; maximum fines for certain offenses

§ 40-6-2. Obedience to authorized persons directing traffic

§ 40-6-3. Chapter refers to operation of vehicles on highways; exceptions

§ 40-6-4. Persons riding animals or driving animal drawn vehicles

§ 40-6-5. Persons working on highways

§ 40-6-6. Authorized emergency vehicles

§ 40-6-7. Operation of motor vehicles in parades

§ 40-6-8. Rights of owners of real property

§ 40-6-9. Challenges to speed limits and other traffic regulations established or enforced by local governing ...

§ 40-6-10. Insurance requirements for operation of motor vehicles generally

§ 40-6-10.1. Financial responsibility requirements of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration

§ 40-6-11. Insurance requirements for operation of motorcycles

§ 40-6-12. Subsequent violation; proof of financial responsibility

§ 40-6-13. Courts having jurisdiction to try offenses

§ 40-6-14. Limits on sound volume produced by radio, tape player, or other mechanical sound-making device or ...

§ 40-6-15. Knowingly driving motor vehicle on suspended, canceled, or revoked registration a misdemeanor; punishment

§ 40-6-16. Spencer Pass Law; procedure for passing stationary authorized emergency vehicles, stationary towing or ...

§ 40-6-17. Prohibited use of traffic-control device preemption emitter; penalty

ARTICLE 2. TRAFFIC SIGNS, SIGNALS, AND MARKINGS

§ 40-6-20. Obedience to traffic-control devices required; presumptions; enforcement by traffic-control signal ...

§ 40-6-21. Meaning of traffic signals

§ 40-6-22. Pedestrian-control signals

§ 40-6-23. Flashing red or yellow signals

§ 40-6-24. Lane direction control signals

§ 40-6-25. Display of unauthorized signs, signals, or markings

§ 40-6-26. Interference with official traffic-control devices or railroad signs or signals

§ 40-6-27. Installation of blue retroreflective raised pavement markers

ARTICLE 3. DRIVING ON RIGHT SIDE OF ROADWAY, OVERTAKING AND PASSING, FOLLOWING TOO CLOSELY

§ 40-6-40. Vehicles to drive on right side of roadway; exceptions

§ 40-6-41. Passing vehicles proceeding in opposite directions

§ 40-6-42. Overtaking and passing generally

§ 40-6-43. When overtaking and passing on the right permitted

§ 40-6-44. Limitations on overtaking and passing on the left

§ 40-6-45. Further limitations on driving on left of center of roadway

§ 40-6-46. No-passing zones

§ 40-6-47. One-way roadways and rotary traffic islands

§ 40-6-48. Driving on roadways laned for traffic

§ 40-6-49. Following too closely

§ 40-6-50. Driving on divided highway, controlled-access roadways, and emergency lanes

§ 40-6-51. Further restrictions on use of controlled-access roadways

§ 40-6-52. Trucks using multilane highways

§ 40-6-53. Operation of buses and motorcoaches in left-hand lanes

§ 40-6-54. Designation of travel lanes for exclusive use of certain vehicles; penalty; presumption that owner ...

§ 40-6-55. Obligation of drivers to yield to bicyclist

§ 40-6-56. Safe distance defined; application to bicyclist

ARTICLE 4. RIGHT OF WAY

§ 40-6-70. Vehicles approaching or entering intersection

§ 40-6-71. Vehicle turning left

§ 40-6-72. Stop signs and yield signs

§ 40-6-73. Entering or crossing roadway

§ 40-6-74. Operation of vehicles on approach of authorized emergency vehicles

§ 40-6-75. Highway construction and maintenance personnel and vehicles

§ 40-6-76. Funeral processions

§ 40-6-77. Penalties for causing serious injury due to right of way violation resulting in collision with ...

 ARTICLE 5. RIGHTS AND DUTIES OF PEDESTRIANS

§ 40-6-90. Obedience to traffic-control devices and traffic regulations

§ 40-6-91. Right of way in crosswalks

§ 40-6-92. Crossing roadway elsewhere than at crosswalk

§ 40-6-93. Drivers to exercise due care

§ 40-6-94. Right of way of blind pedestrian

§ 40-6-95. Pedestrian under influence of alcohol or drug

§ 40-6-96. Pedestrians on or along roadway

§ 40-6-97. Pedestrians soliciting rides or business

§ 40-6-97.1. Solicitation permits for charitable organizations

§ 40-6-98. Driving through safety zone prohibited

§ 40-6-99. Pedestrians to yield to authorized emergency vehicles

§ 40-6-100. Right of way on sidewalks

§ 40-6-101. Redesignated

 ARTICLE 6. TURNING, STARTING, SIGNALING

§ 40-6-120. Methods of turning at intersections

§ 40-6-121. U-turns

§ 40-6-122. Starting parked vehicle

§ 40-6-123. Turning movements; signals required on turning, changing lanes, slowing, or stopping

§ 40-6-124. Signals by hand and arm or signal lights

§ 40-6-125. Method of giving hand and arm signals

§ 40-6-126. Central lane for turning

 ARTICLE 7. NEGOTIATING RAILROAD CROSSINGS, ENTERING HIGHWAYS FROM PRIVATE DRIVEWAYS

§ 40-6-140. Obedience to signal indicating approach of train; reasonable and prudent standard for crossing railroad ...

§ 40-6-141. Erection and observance of stop signs at railroad grade crossings

§ 40-6-142. Certain vehicles to stop at all railroad crossings

§ 40-6-143. Moving heavy equipment at railroad grade crossings

§ 40-6-144. Emerging from alley, driveway, or building

ARTICLE 8. SCHOOL BUSES

§ 40-6-160. Speed limits

§ 40-6-161. Headlights to be lit when transporting children; communication equipment required

§ 40-6-162. Use of visual signals

§ 40-6-163. Duty of driver of vehicle meeting or overtaking school bus; reporting of violations; enforcement

§ 40-6-164. Duty of school bus driver stopping to allow children to disembark

§ 40-6-165. Operation of school buses

ARTICLE 9. SPEED RESTRICTIONS

§ 40-6-180. Basic rules

§ 40-6-181. Maximum limits

§ 40-6-182. Establishment of state speed zones

§ 40-6-183. Alteration of speed limits by local authorities

§ 40-6-184. Impeding traffic flow; minimum speed in left-hand lanes

§ 40-6-185. Speed limits on bridges and other elevated structures

§ 40-6-186. Racing on highways or streets

§ 40-6-187. Charging violations; sentence to specify amount by which speed limit exceeded

§ 40-6-188. Highway work zones; reduction in speed; signage

§ 40-6-189. Classification as super speeder; fees; funding for trauma care system.

ARTICLE 10. STOPPING, STANDING, AND PARKING

        PART 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS

§ 40-6-200. How vehicles to be parked; powers of Department of Transportation and local authorities

§ 40-6-201. Leaving motor vehicle unattended

§ 40-6-202. Stopping, standing, or parking outside of business or residential districts

§ 40-6-203. Stopping, standing, or parking prohibited in specified places; stopping or standing for collecting ...

§ 40-6-204. Exception as to disabled vehicles

§ 40-6-205. Obstructing intersection

§ 40-6-206. When police officers may remove vehicles

§ 40-6-207. Liability of owner for traffic or parking violations occurring while vehicle leased to another; duty ...

§ 40-6-208. Parking areas for passengers of rapid rail or public transit buses; violations

        PART 2. PARKING FOR PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES

§ 40-6-220. Short title

§ 40-6-221. Definitions

§ 40-6-222. Permits

§ 40-6-223. Fees

§ 40-6-224. Out-of-state handicapped or persons with disabilities license plates or permits

§ 40-6-224.1. Handicapped parking places for the nonambulatory

§ 40-6-225. Parking places for persons with disabilities for the nonambulatory

§ 40-6-226. Offenses and penalties

§ 40-6-227. Application to both public and private property

§ 40-6-228. Enforcement

ARTICLE 11. MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

§ 40-6-240. Backing

§ 40-6-241. Driver to exercise due care; proper use of radios and mobile telephones allowed

§ 40-6-241.1. Definitions; prohibition on certain persons operating motor vehicle while engaging in wireless ...

§ 40-6-241.2. Writing, sending, or reading text based communication while operating motor vehicle prohibited; ...

§ 40-6-242. Obstruction of driver's view or interference with control of vehicle

§ 40-6-243. Opening and closing vehicle doors

§ 40-6-244. Riding in house trailer

§ 40-6-245. Driving through canyon or on mountain highway

§ 40-6-246. Coasting

§ 40-6-247. Following fire apparatus or emergency vehicle

§ 40-6-248. Crossing fire hose

§ 40-6-248.1. Securing loads on vehicles

§ 40-6-249. Littering highway

§ 40-6-250. Wearing device which impairs hearing or vision

§ 40-6-251. Driving in circular or zigzag course; "laying drags."

§ 40-6-252. Parking, standing, or driving vehicle in private parking area after request not to do so

§ 40-6-253. Consumption of alcoholic beverage or possession of open container of alcoholic beverage in passenger area

§ 40-6-253.1. Transportation of etiologic agent; exception; penalty for violation

§ 40-6-254. Operating vehicle without adequately securing load

§ 40-6-255. Driving away without paying for gasoline

ARTICLE 12. ACCIDENTS

§ 40-6-270. Hit and run; duty of driver to stop at or return to scene of accident

§ 40-6-271. Duty upon striking unattended vehicle

§ 40-6-272. Duty upon striking fixture

§ 40-6-273. Duty to report accident resulting in injury, death, or property damage

§ 40-6-273.1. Instruction to drivers to provide certain information to other parties

§ 40-6-274. Exemption from duty to stop at scene or report accident

§ 40-6-275. Duty to remove vehicle from public roads; removal of incapacitated vehicle from state highway

§ 40-6-276. Duty of driver of wrecker truck

§ 40-6-277. Sheriffs and chief executive officers of law enforcement agencies to report deaths

§ 40-6-278. Uniform reports and reporting procedures

§ 40-6-279. Redesignated

ARTICLE 13. SPECIAL PROVISIONS FOR CERTAIN VEHICLES

PART 1. BICYCLES AND PLAY VEHICLES

§ 40-6-290. Application of part

§ 40-6-291. Traffic laws applicable to bicycles; signaling of right hand turns

§ 40-6-292. Manner of riding bicycle; carrying more than one person

§ 40-6-293. Clinging to vehicles

§ 40-6-294. Riding on roadways and bicycle paths

§ 40-6-295. Carrying articles

§ 40-6-296. Lights and other equipment on bicycles

§ 40-6-297. Violation of part a misdemeanor; duty of parents and guardians

§ 40-6-298. Rules and regulations

§ 40-6-299. Redesignated

PART 2. MOTORCYCLES

§ 40-6-310. Traffic laws applicable to persons operating motorcycles

§ 40-6-311. Manner of riding motorcycle generally

§ 40-6-312. Operating motorcycle on roadway laned for traffic

§ 40-6-313. Clinging to other vehicles

§ 40-6-314. Footrests and handlebars

§ 40-6-315. Headgear and eye-protective devices for riders

§ 40-6-316. Rules and regulations

PART 2A. PERSONAL ASSISTIVE MOBILITY DEVICES

§ 40-6-320. Operation on highways and sidewalks; direction of travel

§ 40-6-321. Due care to pedestrians

§ 40-6-322. Speed of travel restricted

§ 40-6-323. Parking

§ 40-6-324. Transportation of hazardous materials; medical oxygen excluded

§ 40-6-325. Required equipment; minimum age for operation; exception to age requirement

§ 40-6-326. Operation while intoxicated

§ 40-6-327. Penalty for violations

PART 3. MOTORIZED CARTS

§ 40-6-330. Hours of operation

§ 40-6-331. Authority of local governing bodies; crossing streets under jurisdiction of Department of Transportation

PART 4. MOPEDS

§ 40-6-350. Traffic laws applicable to persons operating mopeds

§ 40-6-351. Driver's license or permit required for certain operators

§ 40-6-352. Protective headgear

§ 40-6-353. Operation over certain roads may be prohibited

§ 40-6-354. Rules and regulations

PART 5. LOW-SPEED VEHICLES

§ 40-6-360. Rights of persons operating low-speed vehicles

§ 40-6-361. Traffic laws applicable to low-speed vehicles

§ 40-6-362. Operating low-speed vehicles on highways

PART 6. PERSONAL TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES

§ 40-6-363. Safety equipment required for personal transportation vehicles

ARTICLE 14. EFFECT OF CHAPTER ON POWERS OF LOCAL AUTHORITIES

§ 40-6-370. Uniform state-wide application of chapter

§ 40-6-371. Powers of local authorities generally

§ 40-6-372. Adoption of chapter by local authorities

§ 40-6-373. Effect of future changes in chapter

§ 40-6-374. Form of adopting ordinance

§ 40-6-375. Citations for violations

§ 40-6-376. Prosecution under this chapter or local ordinance; double jeopardy

ARTICLE 15. SERIOUS TRAFFIC OFFENSES

§ 40-6-390. Reckless driving

§ 40-6-391. (For effective date, see note.) Driving under the influence of alcohol, drugs, or other intoxicating ...

§ 40-6-391.1. Entry of plea of nolo contendere; order to attend alcohol and drug course

§ 40-6-391.2. Seizure and forfeiture of motor vehicle operated by habitual violator.

§ 40-6-391.3. Penalty for conviction for driving under influence of alcohol or drugs while driving school bus

§ 40-6-392. Chemical tests for alcohol or drugs in blood

§ 40-6-393. Homicide by vehicle

§ 40-6-393.1. Feticide by vehicle; penalties

§ 40-6-394. Serious injury by vehicle

§ 40-6-395. Fleeing or attempting to elude police officer; impersonating law enforcement officer

§ 40-6-396. Homicide by interference with official traffic-control device or railroad sign or signal; serious ...

§ 40-6-397. Aggressive driving; penalty

 

CHAPTER 8. EQUIPMENT AND INSPECTION OF MOTOR VEHICLES

ARTICLE 1. EQUIPMENT GENERALLY

PART 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS

§ 40-8-1. Application of article

§ 40-8-2. Vehicles within jurisdiction of commissioner of public safety

§ 40-8-3. Vehicle or load dragging on highway; wheels causing pounding on road surface

§ 40-8-4. Emblem on slow-moving vehicle or unlicensed three-wheeled motorcycle used only for agricultural purposes

§ 40-8-5. Alteration of odometer; involvement with devices which cause odometer to register other than actual ...

§ 40-8-6. Alteration of suspension system; operation of vehicle with broken springs

§ 40-8-6.1. Raised chassis vehicles

§ 40-8-7. Driving unsafe or improperly equipped vehicle; punishment for violations of chapter generally; vehicle ...

§ 40-8-8. Speedometer

§ 40-8-9. Compliance with federal provisions

§ 40-8-10. Operation of motor vehicles with nitrous oxide; penalty for violation.

PART 2. LIGHTING EQUIPMENT

§ 40-8-20. When lighted headlights and other lights required

§ 40-8-21. Visibility distance and mounted height; exception for wreckers

§ 40-8-22. Headlights

§ 40-8-23. Taillights

§ 40-8-24. Reflectors

§ 40-8-25. Brake lights and turn signals required

§ 40-8-26. Standards for brake lights and signal devices

§ 40-8-27. Light, flag, or strobe lamp on projecting load; requirements for lamp and flag

§ 40-8-28. Lights on parked vehicles

§ 40-8-29. Spotlights, foglights, and auxiliary lights permitted

§ 40-8-30. Standards for multiple-beam road lighting equipment

§ 40-8-31. Use of multiple-beam road lighting equipment

§ 40-8-32. Lights on vehicles of rural mail carriers

§ 40-8-33. Lights on farm tractors and unlicensed three-wheeled motorcycles used only for agricultural purposes; ...

§ 40-8-34. Color in lighting equipment

§ 40-8-35. Operating low-speed vehicles on highway requires amber strobe light

PART 3. BRAKES

§ 40-8-50. Brakes required

§ 40-8-51. Means of operation

§ 40-8-52. Parking brakes

§ 40-8-53. Performance ability of brakes

§ 40-8-54. Maintenance

PART 4. HORNS, EXHAUST SYSTEMS, MIRRORS, WINDSHIELDS, TIRES, SAFETY BELTS, ENERGY ABSORPTION SYSTEMS

§ 40-8-70. Horns and warning devices

§ 40-8-71. Exhaust system; prevention of noise, smoke, and fumes

§ 40-8-72. Mirrors

§ 40-8-73. Windshields and windshield wipers

§ 40-8-73.1. Affixing of materials which reduce light transmission or increase light reflectance through windows ...

§ 40-8-74. Tires

§ 40-8-75. Tire covers

§ 40-8-76. Safety belts required as equipment; safety restraints for children

§ 40-8-76.1. Use of safety belts in passenger vehicles

§ 40-8-77. Energy absorption system

§ 40-8-78. Safety glazing

§ 40-8-79. Unlawfully riding in bed of pickup truck; penalty

PART 5. EQUIPMENT OF LAW ENFORCEMENT AND EMERGENCY VEHICLES

§ 40-8-90. Restrictions on use of blue lights on vehicles

§ 40-8-91. Marking and equipment of law enforcement vehicles; motorist allowed to continue to safe location ...

§ 40-8-91.1. Marking and equipment of all-terrain vehicles used as law enforcement vehicles

§ 40-8-92. Designation of emergency vehicles; flashing or revolving lights; permits; fee; prohibition against use ...

§ 40-8-93. Flashing parking or brake lights or directional signals not prohibited

§ 40-8-94. Sirens, whistles, or bells

§ 40-8-95. Rules and regulations

§ 40-8-96. Violation of Code Sections 40-8-90 and 40-8-92

PART 6. EQUIPMENT OF SCHOOL BUSES

§ 40-8-110. Identification and color

§ 40-8-111. Equipment generally

§ 40-8-112. Compliance with State Board Bus Specifications

§ 40-8-113. Standards applicable regardless of size or capacity

§ 40-8-114. Operation of school buses by churches, private schools, and local transit systems; transportation of ...

§ 40-8-115. Identification and equipment of school buses for special school route service

§ 40-8-116. Unlawful acts

ARTICLE 2. CONTROL OF VEHICLE EMISSIONS

PART 1. EMISSION CONTROL DEVICES GENERALLY

§ 40-8-130. Unlawful to operate vehicle without serviceable emission control device; penalty; exceptions

§ 40-8-131. Inspection without warrant authorized

§ 40-8-132. Annual inspection

PART 2. ESTABLISHMENT OF EMISSION STANDARDS; INSPECTION OF MOTOR VEHICLES FOR COMPLIANCE WITH STANDARDS

§§ 40-8-150 through 40-8-163.

PART 3. VISIBLE EMISSIONS

§ 40-8-180. Short title

§ 40-8-181. Visible emissions from vehicles on public roadways prohibited; exceptions

§ 40-8-182. Enforcement of part; traffic violation citations

§ 40-8-183. Penalty

§ 40-8-184. Municipal and county regulation prohibited

§ 40-8-185. Part not applicable to certain vehicles

 ARTICLE 3. INSPECTIONS BY OFFICERS OF DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY

§ 40-8-200. Inspection of vehicles by officers of the Department of Public Safety; issuance of certificate of ...

§ 40-8-201. Duties of owners and drivers of vehicles

ARTICLE 4. INSPECTION OF PUBLIC SCHOOL BUSES

§ 40-8-220. Inspection of public school buses

§ 40-8-221. Penalty

§§ 40-8-222 through 40-8-264.

ARTICLE 5. VEHICLE EQUIPMENT SAFETY COMPACT

§§ 40-8-280 through 40-8-291.

 

CHAPTER 14. USE OF SPEED DETECTION AND TRAFFIC-CONTROL SIGNAL MONITORING DEVICES

 

ARTICLE 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS

§ 40-14-1. Definitions

ARTICLE 2. SPEED DETECTION DEVICES

§ 40-14-2. Permit required for use; use not authorized where officers paid on fee system; operation by registered ...

§ 40-14-3. Application for permit; use of device while application pending

§ 40-14-4. Compliance with rules of Federal Communications Commission; certification of devices

§ 40-14-5. Testing; removal of inaccurate radar devices from service

§ 40-14-6. Warning signs required

§ 40-14-7. Visibility of vehicle from which device is operated

§ 40-14-8. When case may be made and conviction had

§ 40-14-9. Evidence obtained in certain areas inadmissible; use of device on hill

§ 40-14-10. Unlawful use of devices generally

§ 40-14-11. Investigations by commissioner of public safety; issuance of order suspending or revoking permit; ratio ...

§ 40-14-12. Administrative hearing upon permit suspension or revocation

§ 40-14-13. Administrative and judicial appeal of decision suspending or revoking permit

§ 40-14-14. Petition for reconsideration following permit suspension or revocation

§ 40-14-15. Rehearing or restoration of permit at direction of Governor

§ 40-14-16. Restrictions on suspension or revocation of drivers' licenses; reports to Department of Driver Services ...

§ 40-14-17. Laser devices; reliability and admissibility of evidence

ARTICLE 3. TRAFFIC-CONTROL SIGNAL MONITORING DEVICES

§ 40-14-21. Traffic-control signal monitoring devices; application and permit for operation

§ 40-14-22. Timing of traffic-control signals

§ 40-14-23. Use of signs to notify motorists of traffic-control signal monitoring devices

§ 40-14-24. Reporting of traffic-control signal monitoring device use to Department of Transportation

§ 40-14-25. Complaints about traffic-control signal monitoring devices; rebuttable presumption; remission of revenues

§ 40-14-26. Revoking traffic-control signal monitoring device permit; hearing; reconsideration